The Most Common Robotic Surgery Procedures

most common robotic surgery procedures

Robotic surgery is a type of minimally invasive (small incision) surgery that enables surgeons to perform complex surgical procedures that were once only possible with large open incisions.

Robotic surgery is a type of minimally invasive surgery in which your surgeon sits at a console and directs the robot’s arms while you remain asleep. These arms can suture, dissect, and manipulate tissue with precision.

Splenectomy

A splenectomy is a surgical procedure that removes your spleen. This may be done to treat an injured spleen or an enlarged one that’s not functioning properly. Your spleen plays an important role in fighting infection and purifying blood of foreign substances like worn-out red blood cells while protecting other organs and tissues from damage.

Although you can live without a spleen, you may be more vulnerable to infections. This is especially true if the surgery was done at an early age. To protect yourself from potential infection after surgery, speak with your doctor about possible measures.

General anesthesia is used for this procedure, with a sedative given to help you sleep and feel relaxed during the procedure. On average, the operation lasts around an hour.

Your surgeon will make several small incisions in your abdomen with a camera and special tools to extract the spleen. If it is larger than expected, they may need to make a larger incision.

After a laparoscopic splenectomy, you may be sent home the same day. However, for optimal healing after the surgery, you will need to stay in the hospital for several days.

After your splenectomy, it is important to do some exercises at home in order to reduce the risk of bleeding. Your surgeon may also give you pain medication to aid with recovery.

If your spleen is large or located close to other organs, your surgeon may suggest splenic embolization before surgery in order to minimize blood loss. This involves injecting a substance that will partially block blood flow to your spleen.

After your spleen has been removed, you must continue taking antibiotics and other medicines for the rest of your life to help prevent blood clots and chest infections. Additionally, make sure you are up-to-date on vaccines against pneumonia, influenza, Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib), and meningococci.

Splenectomy can also be used to treat certain cancers or diseases that affect the spleen. For instance, lymphocytic leukemia and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma can cause the spleen to enlarge or rupture.

Hernia Repair

Hernias can occur in several locations, such as the groin (inguinal hernia), chest cavity (hiatal hernia) and belly button (umbilical hernia). They develop due to weakness in surrounding tissue and may occur during pregnancy or after abdominal surgery. If they enlarge, hernia repair is often beneficial.

Hernia repair can be accomplished using either traditional surgical procedure or minimally invasive laparoscopic surgery. In both cases, the surgeon makes several small cuts in the abdomen to access the area and inserts a long-handled tool to push back the hernia into its proper location before stitching it shut with stitches or synthetic mesh.

Robotic hernia repair is similar to traditional laparoscopic surgery, but differs in that the surgeon sits at a console in the operating room and controls the robotic instrument from there. This provides for much wider movement than when holding chopsticks and provides a better view for the surgeon.

The robotic instrument utilizes a camera that sends real-time images to the surgeon. These images are magnified and have sharper resolution than what would be visible while standing over the patient in traditional surgery.

During surgery, your abdomen is filled with a harmless gas to expand space and enable the surgeon to see more of inside. After making three or four small cuts in your lower belly, they insert long-handled tools to push back any hernia into place and strengthen weak areas.

General anesthesia makes for a fast recovery with minimal pain or discomfort. Most patients can go home the same day or the following day, and most can resume light activities such as walking within one to three weeks.

Robotic hernia repair is an increasingly attractive solution for those with weak areas in their abdomen, due to its high success rate and low complication rate. Plus, it has a less traumatic and faster recovery time than open hernia surgery.

Colon Cancer Removal

Colon cancer removal, also known as colon resection, is one of the most popular robotic surgery procedures. In this procedure, your surgeon removes all or part of your large intestine (rectum), along with any surrounding lymph glands containing cancer cells. While typically performed to treat cancers, this operation may also be carried out for other reasons.

Your surgeon can use a laparoscope, or tube with a camera at its tip, to perform this procedure. This allows them to view all of your abdomen so they can locate and remove cancerous growths.

Another type of surgery for colon cancer is laparoscopic colon cancer resection, which requires only small incisions instead of the larger ones needed in open surgery. This method is less invasive and often preferred over an open approach.

In addition to using a laparoscope, doctors also utilize robots for this procedure. The robot creates multiple small incisions on the abdomen so the doctor can insert tools and surgical instruments during the surgery.

Robots may be utilized to perform partial colectomy or low anterior proctectomy. This procedure is used when cancer has spread close to sphincters that control bowel function or has spread into the lateral wall of the colon and is causing symptoms.

Your doctor will make an incision measuring 1.5 to 2 inches long, then utilize a laparoscope to view your colon and remove any affected sections of its rectum.

Once the resection is complete, your doctor will rejoin the removed section of your colon to the remainder of your rectum or anal canal. This procedure is often employed when treating patients with advanced cancer or inflammatory bowel disease.

Robotic surgery for colorectal surgery is still relatively new, but it’s becoming increasingly popular among surgeons due to its advantages over other surgeries such as a shorter hospital stay and reduced postoperative pain. In certain cases, robotic surgery may even prove more effective than laparoscopic techniques at removing colorectal cancer.

Breast Cancer Removal

If you have breast cancer, surgery may be necessary to remove both the tumor and a small margin of healthy tissue around it (known as a margin). This helps doctors ensure all cancerous cells have been eradicated.

In most cases, surgeons also perform a test to detect whether microscopic cancer cells remain. This makes it easier to locate and eradicate any remaining cancer, while potentially decreasing its spread further.

Your doctor will decide if robot-assisted surgery is suitable for you. This decision is made based on several factors, such as your cancer’s stage, how advanced it is, and your prognosis.

For most women with early-stage breast cancer, a doctor may suggest performing a lumpectomy to remove both the cancerous tissue and some surrounding normal tissue (the margin). This helps guarantee that all cancer is removed.

A small wire is often used to help surgeons locate tumors, but it may move away from the tumor or cause pain and discomfort. To avoid this issue, SAVI SCOUT is an FDA-approved radar localization technology that allows surgeons to precisely pinpoint the location of a tumor before beginning surgery.

This technology is an invaluable asset that can significantly increase your chances of a complete tumor removal and reduce hospital stay by up to half. Additionally, it enables doctors to use smaller incisions, lowering the risk of infection.

Before the operation, a mammogram or ultrasound will be taken to identify the abnormal tissue that needs to be removed. A radiologist then inserts a tiny reflector inside the tumor that can be detected using nonradioactive radar waves.

The surgeon will then use a reflector to identify the abnormal area on your mammogram that corresponds to your breast tumor. This allows them to pinpoint exactly where the tumor is located in advance, leading to more accurate and successful surgery than using just a mammogram alone.

Most women who undergo a lumpectomy for breast cancer also receive an additional test to detect cancer cells in their lymph nodes under the armpit. This may be done with or without biopsy depending on your individual circumstances.

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